obliquity (obliquity) wrote in itut,

Tutorial #6 - Basic functions/tools in Photoshop 7 - part 2

Tutorial Type: program tutorial #2
Skill level: beginner
Program used: PS7
Notes: This tutorial is part two of a series that I am going to do that covers the more common tools in Photoshop 7. This series is intended for those who are learning PS7 for the very first time. I can't say right now how many tutorials there will be when the series is complete but they will be posted 1-3 days apart. Be warned, this is image AND text heavy.

When we left off, we had last learned the slice tool. We are now going to look at the next little section of tools starting with the Healing Brush Tool. For this tutorial, I will be using a picture of Luke Wilson.

Healing Brush Tool
The healing brush tool is used for cleaning up blotches and other discolourations. I honestly don't use this when I make icons and graphics because I don't tend to use pictures that require "healing" but it doesn't always have to be used just for fixing up pictures. I am going to keep the image larger so you can see the effects of the tool. So here is the image I am going to work with.

Now, let's take the healing brush and get rid of that "fractured-simplicity.net" - not that I have a problem with that because it's my friend's site but it's just to show you how the tool works. ;) Anyway, select the tool and Alt+Click an area around where you want to heal and that is where the healing will come from. It copies that area and "paints" over what you are trying to fix. When you ALT+click the brush tip changes to a circle with the crosshairs to select the area. I sadly couldn't get a screenshot of it.

You can see the area where I have started to cover up the website address. You can go over the whole thing and then touch it up and when you're done it should look like nothing was ever there.

As you can see in the above image, the address is completely gone and I also did the right side of his jaw to get rid of the stubble. You do have to play with it to make sure you consistently get the right colours so that it does look smooth. This was done quickly - you will obviously want to spend a bit more time to make sure that the areas are smoothed over and it's not as obvious where the changes were made.

Patch Tool
The patch tool is located with the Healing Brush tool. To get to it, click and hold the healing brush tool until the menu pops up and select Patch Tool. The patch tool is similar to the healing brush tool except that rather than it being a brush, you can select an entire area to patch.

As you can see, I have selected the area around the web address again because that is the area I want to patch. If you look at the upper left you will see that Source is selected. What this means is that the initial selection is what will be patched. To get that area patched, I then move the selection to the area I want to use as the patch.

And here is the finished product:

Note: I'm saving these with low optimization to ease the load on my server. Of course you want to save it with high optimization.

Now what about selecting "Destination"? What does that do? Well when you select Destination what actually gets patched is where you move the selection to in the first step. So using this picture, you would select a part of the picture using the patch tool first and then move it over top of the area you want patched.

I have selected an area to use to patch and now I am going to move that over to cover the text.

And here is the finished product:

If you really wanted to you can click "Use Pattern" to fill the selection with whatever pattern you have selected.

Brush Tool
The brush tool is probably the most used of all tools when it comes to icon making. You know by now that you can download all sorts of different types of brushes to use on your icon or header or what have you. The best way to use the brush tool is to create a new layer and use the brush on that new layer.

As you can see I have created a new layer and that is where I will use the brush. Up near the top you can see the options that are available to you when you select the brush tool.

Here I have clicked the down arrow beside the brush (1) to bring up the brush menu. As you can see, I have a collection of brushes loaded and have selected a circular one with a size of 23. You can use the slider to make the brush smaller or larger. In (2) I have selected the right arrow to show the brush menu that lists all of the brushes I have installed. To change to another brush, just select one from the list. It will prompt you to load the brushes and you can say Yes or choose to append them to the collection you currently have loaded.

Here I have used the circular brush in white on the new layer. Of course you can use all sorts of different brushes to achieve different effects but that's not the focus of this tutorial. You can also just use regular shaped brushes to paint areas or lines or what have you. The brush tool is very versatile.

Pencil Tool
The pencil tool is used basically for free hand drawing. You can do that with the brush tool as well. Like the brush tool it's good to do it on a separate layer so that you aren't drawing on the image itself. You can also select different brushes with the pencil tool and they will be much more pixelated.

Clone Stamp Tool
For this part, I am going to use this picture by Dennis Flood. It will give you a better idea of what this tool does. Basically, you can select a part of the image you want to clone and then paint it somewhere else. It is similar to the healing tool in that sense but is a lot cooler. :D

I have resized this a bit. We are going to copy the flower.

I ALT+clicked on the flower on the left and moved over and started painting with a round brush. Continue in this manner until you have finished the area you wish to clone.

This is basically the finished product. What you would want to do now is use the healing brush tool to clean up the edges around the flower on the right. :)

[edit]Thank you to fileg_ for this further clarification of the differences between the clone tool and the healing brush tool.

The clone brush reproduces the selected area over the the target.

The healing brush averages the selection with the target area.

This makes the healing brush great if you are trying to get rid of things like marks on skin, a blemish, a shaving cut, etc.

History Brush Tool
"The history brush tool lets you paint a copy of one state or snapshot of an image into the current image window. This tool makes a copy, or sample, of the image and then paints with it." That's taken directly from the Help file for photoshop. Let's see it in action! I am going to use the flower picture again.

The first thing you have to do is take a snapshot of the area you want to keep. I took a snapshot of the flower with the second flower just to have it there. If you look at my history window, you can see above the history there is the snapshot there. Make sure the brush is in the box beside the snapshot you just took. You can also see that I have undone the changes so that I'm back to having just one flower.

Painting now with the history brush I can return the image back to having the two flowers. I have not used this tool before now so I don't know how much use you would get with this tool when just making icons. The one thing to note about this tool versus the cloned state is that you can take a snapshot at any state and paint using that rather than just with the current image. :\ I hope that makes sense!

Art History Brush
Keeping with the flower image, the art history brush allows you to go over your image so that it looks more like a painting. Again, you'll need to take a snapshot to paint from.

Start off the same as we did with the history brush. Take a snapshot of the state you want to "paint". You can then play with the settings at the top for the kind of stroke you want, the size of the brush you want to use, and the radius of the artistic brush strokes. I have used a round brush on size 9, opacity at 25% and the dab style. I played with it a bit to find a setting I liked.

What I did here was just create a new layer and fill it with white. I then started painting with the Art History Brush and this was the result. You can of course do it without the white layer or with a different colour or even with a different type of brush.

I know I said I would do more of the tools however when I said that I didn't realize that each tool had so many other little options so I'm going to leave this here for now. Next time we'll look at the Eraser tool, the Fill tool, the Smudge tool and the Dodge tool as well as all of the ones that share the same spots.

Look for the next tutorial in the next few days.
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